Federation of the Latin Coast
|Foederatio Litoris Latini|
|(Federation of the Latin Coast)|
|Motto:||Aἰὲν ἀριστεύειν. (Ever to Excel)|
|Sindaco Principale:||Ammiánu Marxhellínu|
|Last Convention:||March 5, 2013|
## sq. mi.
Vhallonesia, officially the Federation of the Latin Coast, and sometimes confusingly referred to as Pentapoli (not to be confused with the cultural region of the Pentapolis), is one of the Member States of the V.F. The capital is Fhužin. One-ninth of Faeland's population lives in the region and about one fifth of Faeland's GDP is produced in this region, making it the most second most populous and richest region in the country. Major tourist destinations include the historic, cultural and artistic cities of Roman origin (the oldest extant in the country), the Aemili Mountains, and the wine country.
The official language is Vallo. The traditional local languages are the various dialects, as well as some dialects of mixed origin, spoken in some parts of the mountains and borderlands. These are not widely spoken due to intense localization.
Vhallonesia's administrative composition consists of four of the original five cities of the historic "Pentapolis". The state functions as a confederation of semi-independent cities or city-states. The cities administer territories surrounding them autonomously, with the chief officers of the cities forming a national executive and an elected national legislature called the Latin Assembly forming the legislative branch. With Falcatta, the Federation has protected its autonomy under various names since the collapse of Roman rule.
Vhallonesia is bordered by Falx in the east, Argenteau and the Kingdom of Faeland in the south, the Celtic Sea to the north and Atlantic to the west. Three distinct natural zones can be fairly easily distinguished in the region: coastal mountains, interior mountains and plains - the latter being divided in Alta (high plains) and Bassa (low plains).
The most important mountainous area is the Aemili range, forming its border with Argenteau and Fil. The great Gallic Lakes, all of which are of glacial origin, lie in this zone. From west to east the largest of these are Lake Clauzio and Lake Martius.
The plains of Vhallonesia, formed from alluvial deposits, can be divided into the Alta - an upper, permeable ground zone in the west and a lower zone - the Bassa - characterized by the so-called line of fontanili (the spring waters rising on impermeable ground). There is a wide network of canals for irrigation purposes. In the plains, intensively cultivated for centuries, little of the original environment remains. The rare elm, alder, sycamore, poplar, willow and hornbeam woods and heaths are covered now by several protected areas. In the area of the great foothills, however, grow olive trees, cypresses and larches, as well as varieties of subtropical flora such as magnolias, azaleas, acacias, etc. The mountains area is characterized by the typical vegetation of the whole range of the Aemili. At lower levels oak woods or broadleafed trees grow; on the mountain slopes beech trees grow at the lowest limits, with conifer woods higher up. Shrubs such as rhododendron, dwarf pine and juniper are native to the summit zone.
The climate of this region is Mediterranean, though with variations depending on altitude or the presence of inland waters. The continental nature of the climate is more accentuated on the plains, with high annual temperature changes (at Rhexíl an average January temperature is 40 °F and 80 °F in July), and thick fog between October and February. The Aemili foothills lakes exercise a mitigating influence, permitting the cultivation of typically Mediterranean produce (olives, citrus fruit). Vhallonesia counts two Federal Preserves (one shared with Faeland), two Federal Conservations and one Federal Park among its protected natural areas.
See Pentapolis for a detailed account of the region before the creation of the federation.
After the Civil War, having formed a Provisional Alliance for the duration of the unification talks, all parties swore non-aggression and mutual defense pacts with one another. The Alliance threatened to break down in 1933 when, in an effort to curb attacks in its own cities, the Vhallonesian forces occupied northern Lith, threatening to forcibly evict all Dhíalleen in the country. Falcatta opposed this move, an action which contributed to the schism which would see the city-state separate itself from the political entity that would become Vhallonesia and form its own republic (see the article Roman Syzygia for more about the relationship between the cities of the Pentapolis).
See also: Vhallonese People
One ninth of the Faelish population or about 2.5 million people live in Vhallonesia, making it the most densely populated state of Faeland after New Norwich and Falcatta, with a strong concentration in the Fhužin, Martžu-Foro, and Códini metropolitan areas, respectively.
The growth of the regional population was particularly high during the 1930s through 40s due to emigration from Europe, and again in the 1960s, thanks to economic development, high birth rates, and strong migration flows (especially from Faeland). During the last two decades, Vhallonesia has become the destination of a large number of foreign immigrants.
The gross domestic product in Vhallonesia accounts for almost one quarter of the total gross domestic product of the F.S.F. When this measure is considered by inhabitant, it results in a value of €21,600 per inhabitant, making it one of the most productive states.
Vhallonesia's development has been marked by the growth of the services sector since the 1980s, and in particular by the growth of innovative activities in the sector of services to enterprises and in credit and financial services. At the same time, the strong industrial vocation of the region has not suffered from it. Vhallonesia remains, in fact, the main industrial zone of the country. The presence and development of a very high number of enterprises belonging to the services sector represents a favorable situation for the improvement of the efficiency of the productive process, as well as for the growth of the regional economy.
The region can broadly be divided into three areas as regards the productive activity. Fhužin, where the services sector makes up for 75.3% of the employment; the highly industrialized plains region, although there is also a rich agricultural sector; and finally, in the southern corridor, a large shipping and transport industry. Crops of the plains include cereals, vegetables, fruit trees and mulberries. The higher areas produce fruit and vines.
Following a steep decline in GDP during the global recession in 2009 which saw industry heavily hit, Vhallonesia's economy is predicted to outperform the rest of the country. The revival of the industrial sector is an important factor, but it is the service sector - and especially the financial sector which will drive the Vhallonesia economy to a sustainable recovery.
There has been much clamor from environmentalist groups who cite Vhallonesia as one of the worst polluting states in the Federation. It is hoped the expanding services sector will help curb this problem, although legal pressure has been applied to many industries already.
Government and Politics
Cities administered by podestè.
Main article: Lands and Shores
The Federation of the Latin Coast is divided into seven administrative divisions: six "Lands and Shores" (all of which have unitary authority descending from the local capital) and the Autonomous Province of the Ferraiones Islands. Four of the original "Five Cities" (of the historic Pentapolis) administer axri (sing. axher) or "lands", and the littoral cities lithra (sing. lith) or "shores".
The divisions with their capitals are:
and the Autonomous Province:
Up until medieval times, the four cities administered the entire Latin Coast, except of course for the territories of Falx (which historically has always controlled the Margoreci Peninsula. In the 10th century CE, Septimania was supported by Fhužin and Rhexíl and fused with Sarlegna to create the first "Shore". In time, Arpino, the leading city of this union, was reconquered by Vhoriul; but Lith Veteris remained and emerged as a territory in its own right.
During the period of rapid industrialization in the 19th century, trade with Demesne Faeland increased so much that the town of Códini boomed, becoming a major rail and marine transportation hub. The merchant classes fought for independence and won it from Martžu in 1851 with the support of interested parties in Rhexíl. Although the Axher Martius is today landlocked, at the time a lengthy negotiation was held with Falcatta granting port rights in Alba and La Sammia to cement the settlement which created the Lith Novum.
Sarlegna and Códini were allowed to form not axri ("Lands") but lithra ("Shores") to defend the hinterland more ably than the principal cities could, and as an acknowledgement of their size and culture. According to Vhallonesia's constitution they have the status of colonia, and manage their own affairs with only token subordination to the other cities. That is, they do not vote on foreign affairs, but all other matters. Other small towns etc., are subject to their respective Urbs.
Within Vhallonesia, there are a few distinct cultural regions with their own unique historical identities. For example: Septimania on the northeastern coast, and Visentum along the northwest coast abutting the Red Hills. Although most of it lies on the other side of the border with Ríocht Fíl, there is also the Rumanha.