Government of Fíl

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One half of the Vŭzel Herrien, the Sasarg Extle Hecatl.

The Government of Fíl, outlined in the Sublime Edict of Aodhán II, is a binary monarchy and democratic federation, wherein the Empery of Faeland are the head of state and government. The Kingdom is fundamentally structured as a confederation of states and crown-administered lands, with the "national" government composed of three branches and local autonomy protected by dozens of crown vassals.

Government of Fíl

Composition

Main articles: Government of Fíl, Politics of Fíl

National

The official capital of the State is Cathír na Fil (also capital of the V.F.), however the Vŭzel Herrien and most government offices are posted up in Althóan.

According to the Sublime Edict of Fíl written by Aodhán II, the country is a composite binary monarchy and a democratic federation, wherein the King-Queen are the head of state and government. The Kingdom is fundamentally structured as a confederation of states and Crown-administered lands, with the "national" government composed of three organs:

  • Confederal: The National Thing, made up of 450-members elected from and by the citizenry, enacts nationwide law, has the power of the purse and the power of impeachment of its Chief Minister. The Chief Minister is elected by popular plebiscite for a six-year term (eligible for a second term, but not for a third consecutive term). Ministries of the government are composed of the Ministers and their deputies, secretaries, and selected other individuals; all are appointed by the King on the recommendation of the Chief Minister (whereas the King ratifies the latter upon election by and from the National Thing). The Council of Tribes mediates between and creates the law governing Crown Vassals and their intercourse; the King chairs this body.
  • Royal: The Monarchs (lit. "Knot of Peoples" but often "Empery of Faels/Faelands") are the commanders-in-chief of the military, can issue edicts and veto select legislative bills before they become law, and by right appoint their own Alnish Council (privy council) and other officers, who administer and enforce law and policy throughout the Kingdom. In addition the Royal Household governs all Commons of Faeland directly. The people and institutions of the Commons are represented by a parliament, the States of Faeland, which is the Vedi (the chamber of peers of the Kingdom) and the co-equal chamber of popular assembly, the Thing of Faels (nominally an assembly but as often as not contains representatives from self-forming districts. Localities (Cities, Towns, Manors) may also elect or recommend Wardens subject to investiture by the Crown.
  • Judiciary: The Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Supreme Court of Arbitration and lower royal courts, whose judges are appointed by the Royal Council on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, interpret laws and can overturn laws they deem unfit. The Judiciary is a function of, but wholly independent from the Royal and Confederal administrations.
Schema showing Ríocht Fíl's government.

Communal

Crown Vassals

See also: Crown Vassal, List of Crown Vassals of Ríocht Fíl

Crown Vassals are the subnational administrative units of Ríocht Fíl. The Kingdom of Faeland comprises 82 of these "counties", including 8 Metropolitan Charters ("republican" Crown Vassals) and one ceremonial Capital Region. These states have equal status before the law and like representation in government. Each differs in the degree of autonomy it exercises per its unique relationship to the crown.

During the restoration of the monarchy in the 1950's, where various territories still desired peers or if other political entities expressed legitimate claims to local rule, crown vassals were officially established. Among these are various forms and relationships with the central authority, but all are considered of equal rank except and enjoy unique priveleges with the Vŭzel Herrien. These "counties" are represented in government by the Council of Tribes, and local government and administration is universally the province of local citizens. The crown government is expected by custom, however, to intervene at the behest of the people if a peer or government is unfit or unwanted.

Some cities were granted historical charters and in those cases have retained their status (often styled as "republics") by the grace of the monarchs.

Whatever lands are not incorporated into Crown Vassals are the Commons of Faeland (see below).

A map showing the administrative divisions of the Ríocht Fíl.
Republics and Chartered Cities (Metropolitan Charters)

The Kingdom recognizes non-feudal vassal states subject to the king. Each has its own constitution, leader, and government. Republics and Chartered Cities are allowed to establish their own official language or dialect alongside Faelish but are represented by the royal government in international affairs. Republics are meant to be home to specific ethnic minorities and/or cultural or historical entities.

Capital Region

The official capital of the Kingdom is Cathír na Fil. Because the city is also the capital of the Valanian Federate, its limits are designated the Capital Region and is administered by its own autonomous government. Although held in condominium with the General Government it is legally territory of the Kingdom of Faeland. As such it was created a ceremonial Crown Vassal by the first modern King of Faeland. Traditionally the Kings of Faeland made their home in Althóan and continue to do so today, making it the de facto capital of the Kingdom, leaving Cathír largely to the government of the Member States.

Commons of Faeland

Main article: Commons of Faeland

Where legitimate successors to defunct titles could not be found -that is where no Crown Vassals could be restored following the war- lands defaulted to the stewardship of the king. These lands are called Commons, administered by Wardens of the King where no local township exists and extending to unincorporated rural areas. However, in many other cases small local nobles were able to show competence but had lost their lieges in the fires of war and greatness of time. These Lesser Nobles were given the option to retain their lands in deed full, not as gifts of the crown, in return for oaths of fealty. Since the rebirth of the Kingdom in the 1950s, the Crown has seen fit to replace its wardens in various regions and towns that have requested more control and autonomy. The original intent was to reinvigorate and add fresh blood to the noble class, and establish pretense that new nobility could always be found. Thus as gifts many were also given estates and titles by patent of the King. It did occur often, however, that towns or cities requested simple autonomy with a lord-mayor and city council system. Thus the Commons of Faeland are administered through the king's intermediary wardens and through what could be thought of as minor crown vassals (having less voice in the confederal system as the king's personal creations), be they counts, dukes, marquise, or what have you.

Fig. 33 A Lesser Dein with his Receipt

There has been political debate on the supposed oppression of these "Lesser Deins" by excluding them from seats at the Council of Tribes. When the Vodschtek Suxach (Grand Duke of Suxach) ___ questioned their restriction in session, King Aodhán II responded: "Do you want to pack this assembly with all my friends?" The hall erupted in laughter as the King had ably defended his position by demonstrating the check to both his power and theirs by his keeping certain nobles under his direct care. Acknowleging this, the Vodschtek went further and demanded that it be confirmed by the king that no Crown Vassal could be removed from its relationship to the crown and be made a lesser. It is has thus been since constitutional practice to consider the crown vassals as legally entitled to protection from the monarch's direct control. Thus were their guarantees of internal autonomy in fact strengthened by the King's creation of his own new class.

True to Aodhán II's intent, since he died in 1973 his successors have expressed no interest in elevating the lesser nobles to a de facto state of equality as the Crown Vassals. In interviews the Aodhán IV has said "I like to think of the so-called lessers (sic. Deins) as community projects. For example, we create the Mayor of a town baronet and give him and his area some legal tools and economic privileges to try and get something happening in their neighborhood. Something they can be a part of and help build. The dream is that some of these little incubators grow into something they can be proud of...with evidence for all the world to see, that their monarch has been watching and helping them along."

Local Government

Local administration varies widely throughout the kingdom depending upon the jurisdiction under which the municipality falls. Each Crown Vassal has its own traditions and institutions governing local authorities (often similar but for major distinctions between peer-ruled vassals and "republican" vassals - which are often autonomous cities or county-city mergers). On the other hand, local-level government in the Commons has virtually no legal prescription other than royal review. In some cases, villages and districts run quite simply with small and unincorporated town hall style government, whereas larger cities have more modern administrative apparatuses. Throughout the Commons districts, however, the King is represented by Wardens. Typically these wardens are locally elected, sometimes appointed, but all are subject to royal investiture for legitimacy.

Foreign Relations

The Kingdom of Faeland is recognized in international law as the successor state of the former Kingdom of Aln (the only modern state recognized as a successor to a medieval state that ceased to exist centuries before the current state). Fíl complies with the international commitments of the Federated States. As of 2009, it maintains diplomatic relations with 171 countries and has 44 embassies, mostly serving economic purposes. Foreign policy is wholly determined by the General Government of Faeland, not the Kingdom.