Treaty of London

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Signing of the Treaty of London.

The Treaty of London was a treaty between the Government of the United Kingdom and representatives of the de facto Faelish states that concluded the Faelish War of Independence. It established an autonomous dominion, known as the Dominion of Litus, within the British Empire and provided the rest of Faeland "Free State" status without requirement to join the Commonwealth of Nations.

The treaty was signed in London by representatives of the British government, (which included Stanley Baldwin who was head of the British delegates) and envoys plenipotentiary of the Faelish states on March 10, 1925. Twofold ratification of the treaty by House of Commons of Litus and the British Parliament was required. Though the treaty was duly enacted, the split led to civil war, which was ultimately settled by the constitution of 1935.

The Federation of Faelish Free States created by the Treaty came into being on March 13, 1925 by royal proclamation after its ratification by the the British parliament and the provisional Faelish government.

Stipulations

  • Complete evacuation of British land forces.
  • Faeland was to become a federation of self-governing states, all of which would be members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Litus would remain a dominion of the British Empire; a status shared by Canada, Newfoundland, Australia, New Zealand and The Union of South Africa.
  • As with the other dominions, the British monarch would be the head of state of the Dominion of Litus and would be represented by a Governor General.
  • Members of the new state's parliament would be required to take an Oath of Allegiance to the Faelish Free State. A secondary part of the Oath was to "be faithful to His Majesty King George V, his heirs and successors by law, in virtue of the common citizenship," which was required of MPs from Litus.
  • Litus would have the option of withdrawing from the Free State within one month of the Treaty coming into effect.
  • Britain, for its own security, would continue to control a limited number of ports, restricted to Litus, and possibly elsewhere in The Shore.

Text

Aftermath

The treaty was superseded by the 1935 Organic Law, whereby the Federation of Faelish Free States became the Federated Republics of Faeland.